This article looked at Armenia. It says countries of the former Soviet Union are different from America’s in society, culture, and educational system. This could be a large reason why there is a big amount of women in computer science in Armenia. Throughout all of the 1980’s and 1990’s in Armenia, the percentage of women in computer science never fell below 75%, even though Armenia traditionally is a male-dominating culture.
The study looks to compare and contrast what attracts or doesn’t attract women to computer science in America or former Soviet Union countries. There were three different surveys done with 23 questions for three different groups of people. it included people majoring in computer science, non-computer science majors, and graduate professionals in other fields.
The survey was 538 individuals (240 males and 226 females). 85 people were also interviewed. Looking at Armenia, 31% of women consider computer science recently. The author says that factors leading to the under-representation of women in computing is because CS is male dominated, girls get intimidated, and feel isolated. Further, there aren’t role models for young women, and women don’t get the same respect as men, not the same opportunity, or success.
In Armenia surveys show said that men are only bothered if there is a low number of women, not women. There aren’t role models in Armenia also. Unequal treatment for women happens in computer science, and others fields. Though, when both young Armenian men and women choose the CS major, they have the same mindset (motivation, goals, and influences). Young people are very mature in planning their futures. In Armenia, computer science is more considered math than engineering. Male dominating fields aren’t intimidating to women, and not having role models is not a concern.
I learned from this source that even in Europe, a Western country like Armenia can have women in large numbers studying computer science. This is largely because Russia and former Soviet Union countries are different from the rest of European countries, more so. What was new was seeing another country that has good amount of women studying computer science.
The source is highly credible because it is peer-reviewed and scholarly. The article raises questions of what determines women to participate in computer science, and is society/culture really a large factor. If not that, then what are the factors to determine women in computer science.
The article connected to other articles in that it looked at women in computing. It surveyed both men and women, like most articles. The study took place in Armenia, so this was a different perspective. This helps to understand that society and culture could be huge factors in determining whether women go into computer science. Countries that are westernized are less likely to have women, I would hypothesize, and this could fit the mold since Armenia’s culture, like many former Soviet Union countries, is different than the rest of Europe’s.
One of the authors of this article (Hasmik Gharibyan):