Annotated Bibliography #1

This article looks at how to increase the number of computer and information sciences (CIS) students at universities, particularly women. The researchers conducted a longitudinal study that collected data from 741 women and men from fifteen different community colleges in California who were enrolled in introductory programming classes. the results for men showed the importance of preparation and interactions with professors. For women it was the significance of motivational, relational, and behavioral factors. Specifically, peer support, expectations for success in computing, and computer games.
I learned from this source, ways to increase participation in computer science. The article showed that there are differences in doing this, among men and women. The best way to do this is to increase early opportunities, and encourage students to take higher level math classes. Seeing what these researchers say is the difference between male and female, is what seems new to me. This source is very credible: it’s co-authored by four people and their article is published in a well-known community college review and publisher.
The article is connected to other articles I’ve read in that it includes how to increase women’s participation in Computer Science, and looking at how women are under-represented in the field. This article focuses on men also, so it is more broad.
Table 1. Descriptives by Gender.
Females (n = 191) Males (n = 550)
Average age (SD) 26.89 (10.29) 24.16 (8.20)
College degree*** 31% 14%
Average hours worked (SD) 27.22 (13.91) 26.41 (11.70)
Programmed before the introductory class* 32% 43%
Took a higher math class 72% 66%
Interest in studying CIS very important 51% 64%
Solving challenging problems very important 43% 51%
Mother has a bachelor’s degree 37% 31%
Mother worked in a computing field 13% 10%
Father worked in a computing field 21% 16%
Average gender stereotypes (SD)*** 3.68 (0.42) 3.51 (0.53)
Average interaction with professors (SD)* 2.93 (0.68) 3.09 (0.65)
Average joining study groups (SD) 1.80 (0.91) 1.83 (0.89)
Average peer encouragement (SD)** 1.97 (1.04) 2.26 (1.03)
Note. CIS = computer and information sciences.
*p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001.
Works Cited
Denner, Jill, Linda Werner, Lisa O’Connor, and Jill Glassman. “Community College Men and
Women: A Test of Three Widely Held Beliefs About Who Pursues Computer Science.” Community College Review 42.4 (2014): 342-62. Sage Publishing. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.

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